Feeding forms an important part of poultry rearing. At every major stage of chicken growth there are different feed that a farmer is required to feed his or her fowls.
Just like humans, birds require different types of feed at different stages of growth to ensure they live healthily.
Feed that is to be given to day old chicks differs from that given to matured birds.
In this post, we are going to give you the type of poultry feeds in Nigeria and any other relevant information.
This information will be useful if you have just started a poultry farm in Nigeria or are planning to start a poultry farm in Ghana
Types of Poultry Feed
Poultry rearing is not only restricted to chicken. Other sectors of poultry farming included cockerels, guinea fowl, quails rearing and many more.
Types of feed for chicken
- Broiler starter
- Broiler finisher
- Grower feed
- Layers feed
As the name suggests, broiler starter is the feed you give day old broiler chicks also known as meat chickens. Growing broilers actually consists of a two-stage feeding programme. Broiler starter is the first stage.
It is given to day old chicks till they are 4 weeks old. Broiler starter feeds are usually complete feeds and no complimentary feed is needed. In Nigeria, you can buy topfeed starter feed for broilers online from Afrimash.com or from any topfeed distributor in Nigeria.
Composition of broiler starter
- Protein meal
- Soybean meal
- Sunflower meal
- Sodium bicarbonate
- Choline chloride
- Vitamins and more.
The next type of poultry feed in Nigeria is the broiler finisher. It is used in rearing broilers. It is the next feed given to broilers after four weeks of feeding with broiler starter. It is fed to chickens from the age of 30 days to the age of 38 days.
Components of broiler finisher
- Soya meal
- Groundut cake
- Brewr’s dried grain
- Bone meal
- Oyster shell
- Broiler premix
We are done with poultry feed for broilers in Nigeria, let’s look at the feeds given to layers.
Grower feed is the type of feed given to laying chickens from when they are 8 weeks old until they are ready to start producing and laying eggs (usually between age 18 weeks and 22 weeks. You have to switch layers feed to grower feed once they are 8 weeks old heading to the time of laying.
This is given to layers when they have just started laying their first eggs. The feed is formulated to support the birds during egg production. It contains high amount of calcium for good egg shell formation.
In Nigeria, layer feeds can be bought from topfeed distributors or afrimash.com.