You are here probably because you want to start a cold room business in Nigeria. We got you. We have all the necessary information you need to successfully start your cold room business.

Cold room is one of the thriving and lucrative businesses you can start this year if you plan on starting a business.

We are going to cover the following topics

  • Equipment needed
  • Capital
  • Staff/workforce
  • Space/shop
  • Business registration
  • Marketing
  • Stocking
  • And a lot more.

What is a cold room?

A cold room consists of refrigerators for the storage and perseveration of perishable foods. Here, foods are well packaged and stored in deep freezers at a specific temperature until they are read to be sold off.

We deem it a lucrative business because almost all the foods we consume are perishable and the average Nigerian does not have a freezer in his house. This makes it a good business opportunity.

Common frozen foods in Nigeria include but not limited to the following:

  • Seafood
  • Slaughtered chicken, goat, cattle, sheep
  • Bush meat
  • And many more
cold room business nigeria
cold room business nigeria

Starting a cold room business in Nigeria 2021

Starting a cold room business shouldn’t be a difficult task when all the required preparations are made. Let’s get started.

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  • Write a business plan

Like starting any other business, you need to write a comprehensive business plan detailing everything about the business you intend starting.

A perfect business plan consist of goals and objectives, competitor analysis, business overview, management team, executive summary and many more.

We have written a comprehensive cold room business plan selling for N 10,000.


  • Choose a niche

Decide what kind of perishable foods you want to sell in your cold room. In choosing a niche, consider factors such as profit, cost involved, availability, etc. Some foods are more patronized than others. Others are seasonal.

A typical cold room in Nigeria will have the following frozen foods:

  • Chicken
  • Fish – salmon, tuna, cassava fish
  • Goat
  • Sheep
  • Tilapia
  • Guinea fowl
  • Bush meat – grasscutter, antelope,
  • Beef
  • Sausage

If you are confused about what to sell, you can contact friends or relatives who are into the same business. They will assist you in choosing a suitable niche.


  • Capital Needed

The capital you need to start a cold room depends on how big you want to start. Small scale cold business cost lesser than a large scale one.

Majority of the capital needed will be allocated to:

  • Renting (space and structure)
  • Buying equipment
  • Electricity
  • Water
  • Staff wages
  • Freezers or refrigerators
  • Transport
  • Purchasing the foodstuffs
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The location, size of store, transport fees, etc. also form a major factor in determining the capital needed.

Our business plan consist of a detailed breakdown of amount needed to start a cold room. We are selling the business plan for just N 10,000.


  • Choose a location

A suitable location should be chosen for a cold room business. The following factors should be considered when selecting a location or space for the business.

  • Availability of water
  • Close proximity to the market or busy place
  • Availability of electricity
  • Availability of cheap labour
  • Other factors


  • Constructing the structure or renting a space

Once you’ve successfully chosen a location, you need to put up a structure or rent a space for this business. In most instances, it is best to rent a space. This is to avoid all the stress and challenges that comes with building a store from scratch. The cost involved in renting a space can be found in our business plan.



  • Purchase the needed equipment

Space has been secured, structure is in place, what next? The needed equipment for the running of the business should be procured. The scale of your business will determine the equipment needed. You should consider buying the following equipment. To avoid inflated prices, it is important to buy items in bulk and wholesale.

  • Lightening
  • Refrigerators
  • Butcher knives
  • Cleavers
  • Stabilizer
  • Cutting board
  • Packaging bags (polythene)
  • Gloves
  • Ceiling Fan
  • Extension board
  • ECG meter
  • Tables
  • Signage
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  • Stock the shop with frozen foods

Now everything is setup. It is left with buying frozen foods to stock the shop. Scout for wholesale distributors of frozen foods in your state and make your purchase. Make sure you are making enough profit when all expenses are deducted.


  • Promote your business

Business without advertisement is like a person in the dark winking his eyes. No one will see you. You are required to use the best advertisement strategies to make your cold room business in Nigeria known to people. You can utilize the following strategies to promote your business.

  • use social media
  • design a signage (sign board)
  • use posters and banners
  • send bulk SMS
  • word of mouth


  • Business Registration

Contact the necessary regulatory bodies and register your business. The complete process of registering a business in Nigeria can be found HERE.


  • Staffing

It is time to hire someone who will be assisting you to carry out business tasks. If you are okay running the business all by yourself, there wouldn’t be any need hiring someone.

These are the basic things to know to start a cold room. Now it’s time to hear from you. Leave your comments below and we’ll reply each of them.

Thanks for visiting us.


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